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  • Release Department:Department of Census

Women’s Marriage, Fertility and Employment Survey is to collect data about Taiwan women in their marriage, childbirth status, family composition, and job participation for the decisive statistics needed to develop women’s potential labor force, stipulate population policies and improve social welfare measures. From 1979 to 1988, this survey was annually conducted to supplement Manpower Survey. However; budgets limited in years later on and partial similar data from Women’s Living Status Survey conducted every 4 years since 1988 by Statistical Department, Ministry of Interior have this survey conducted non-periodically.

The eligible interviewees for this survey are civilian women, with citizenship, aged 15 years, participate economic activities at their own will and live in ordinary households or institutional units in Taiwan Area. Those women in military labor force or prisoner population are excluded. About 20 thousand households are surveyed face-to-face by interviewers recruited by the DGBAS offices in Hsien (i.e. Prefecture) or City governments.

Besides associated questions in Manpower Survey, the key questions of this survey are categorized as follows: the first section is to ask the number of children ideally or currently had, the age in full years of first marriage, the gender and age distribution of children borne, the nursery care for youngest child aged less than 3 years, and the status associated with women’s marriage and childbirth. The second section is to ask the situation with women’s family works. The third section is to ask women’s historic status of employment and income among premarital, postnuptial, first-childbirth and current stages, previous job changes and regains, job transits of women currently employed, jobseeking status in the past 1 year and work willingness in the upcoming 1 year of women currently unemployed, and expectation of measures government take to improve women’s employment participation. All such are to understand the logical connections among women’s marriage, childbirth and employment and find out the influential factors of women’s labor force markets.