Methods and Term Definitions
1.Definition of resident population and housing units
1.1 Definition of resident population
(1)Usual resident population：People who have lived or are expected to live in the current living address within the census area at the standard time of the Census ( 00.00.A.M. December 16, 2000 ) for three months or more, including aliens living in Taiwan-Fukien Area, foreign labors, overseas Chinese, workers and their dependants posted overseas by the government, but excluding workers and their dependants posted to the Republic of China by the foreign government.
(2)Non-registered resident population：People who usually live in the current households, including those who live in the place other than the city or county they used to register, including new born babies.
1.2 Definition of households
(1)Ordinary household：Household composed of family members, employees and other non-relatives sharing common foods or other arrangements for essential living; a person living alone; person(s) living in boats; two or more unrelated individuals living in the same place other than public buildings; family usually living in the public buildings.
(2)Non-ordinary household：Household composed of non-family members sharing common living essentials and headed by one person, including two or more persons living in the same public buildings (such as social welfare institutions, dormitories, hospitals, hotels, organizations, barracks, schools, churches, temples, boats, prisons, etc.) It is also called group quarters.
(3)Sharing common living essentials：Sharing common foods and other arrangements, including those who not sharing living expenses.
1.3 Definition of housing units
Including residence (occupied, unoccupied but for other uses, unoccupied and not for other uses), occupied collective living quarters and occupied other places.
(1)Residence：Housing units mainly for family living, such as apartments, mansions, cottages, seasonal units, school or institution dormitories.
a. For firms or stores owned by one household but with different addresses, the Census covers the residence parts only. Those who live in the collective living quarters are supposed to be reported as “collective living quarters”.
b. Schools, institutions, churches, firms, stores have built-in housing units for family living, the Census enumerates the housing units as “residences”; however, for those unable to show clear cut between these two parts are supposed to be reported as “collective living quarters”.
c. Attics or basements mainly for household living are supposed to be combined with down or up stairs and reported as “residences” if they share the common path with down or up stairs or not having direct access from the outside of the building. However, for those do not share the common path with down or up stairs, having direct access from the outside of the building or installed with complete housing facilities (kitchens, bathrooms or toilets) are supposed to be separately reported alone as “residences”.
(2)Collective living quarters：Places not for family living but being occupied, including：
a. Living quarters for temporary living：such as hotels, dormitories and hospitals, etc.
b. Living quarters for staffs or employees of the institutions：institution or school dormitories, correction institutions, prisons, barracks, etc.
c. Living quarters for institutional, commercial or industrial use：offices, firms, stores, department stores, theaters, restaurants, churches, temples, etc.
(3)Other places：Occupied but for shelter only, such as tents, tanks, subways, caves, boats, etc.
2. Explanation of census terms
(1)Householder：the representative of the household (not necessarily those who listed on the household registration record)
(2)Spouse (cohabitant)：wife or husband of the householder, cohabitants
(3)(Foster) parent：parent or foster parent of the householder
(4)Spouse’s (foster) parent：parent or foster parent of the householder’s spouse
(5)Grand parent：grand parent of the householder or the householder’s spouse
(6)(Foster) child：child(ren) or foster child(ren) of the householder (including those born by householder’s ex-husband or ex-wife)
(7)(Foster) child’s spouse：spouse of the (foster) child(ren) of the householder (including those born by householder’s ex-husband or ex-wife)
(8)Grand child or his/her spouse：grand child(ren) or grand child(ren)’s spouse of the householder
(9)Brother/sister or his/her spouse：brother/sister or brother’s/sister’s spouse of the householder
(10)Other relatives：other relatives not listed in the category of 1. to 9., such as uncles, aunts, cousins, etc.
(11)Employees：those who employed by the householder and usually live in the household
(12)Other non-relatives：those who not listed in the category of 1. to 11.
2.2 Marital status：
(1)Unmarried：never married or cohabited with others
(2)Married or cohabited：married and living with the spouse, including married couples living apart due to working or health situation and couples not married but living together as wife/husband
(3)Divorced or separated：ever married but now divorced or separated, or ever cohabited but now not living together as wife/husband
(4)Widowed：spouse was dead and not married or cohabited with others, or one of the cohabitants was dead and not cohabited with others
2.3 Educational attainment：the highest level successfully completed or the highest degree received, or passed an equivalency test at the standard time of the Census
(1)Students completed the third grade of 5-year junior colleges are supposed to be reported as “ vocational senior high school “ and the 4th an 5th degree as “ junior college “.
(2)The highest level completed and the highest degree received refer to schools which are qualified by the Ministry of Education.
a. Those who receive the credits from Master’s degree programs are reported as “ attended not completed － Master’s degree program ”.
b. Those who receive the credits from Doctorate degree programs are reported as “ attended not completed － Doctorate degree program ”.
(3)People who pass the official civilian employees exam, professional or technical personnel exams, any tests qualified by the education authorities are supposed to report his/her educational attainment as follows:
a. Those who pass the official junior-level or special civil service exams, or an equivalency test held by the Examination Yuan should report his/her educational attainment as “ vocational senior high school “.
b. Those who pass the official senior-level or special civil service exams, or an equivalency test held by the Examination Yuan should report his/her educational attainment as “ university “.
c. Civil service employees pass the rank promotion tests or those who pass the qualification test of county governor should report his/her educational attainment as “ university”.
d. Those who pass the official civil service exams with higher than senior level should report his/her educational attainment as “ Master’s degree program “.
(4) Child under 6 years old：persons born after 16 December, 2000
(5) Illiterate：persons born before 15 December, 2000 and never attended formal schools or cannot read newspapers or write letters
(6) Self-educated：persons born before 15 December, 2000 and never attended formal schools but literate, including those who attended non-formal schools such as cram schools, training centers, etc.
2.4 Family living supporter：person who usually living in the household and sharing the most part of the living expenses
2.5 Working status within the Census standard week ( 9~15 December, 2000)：
(1)Holding a job：engaging in paid-job or working for family business with no pay for more than 15 hours within the Census standard week
a.Agriculture：including agriculture, forestry, fishery and husbandry
b.Industry：including mining; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water; construction
c.Services：including trading, eating-drinking places; transport, storage and communication; finance, insurance and real estate; business services; social and personal services; public administration
(2)Holding no job：not engaging in paid-job or working for family business with no pay for more than 15 hours within the Census standard week
2.6 Indigenous population：indigenous status was identified based on the fatherhood relationship
(1)child(ren) without indigenous status if an indigenous female married with a non-indigenous male
(2)child(ren) with indigenous status if a non-indigenous male married with an indigenous female
(3)child(ren) with indigenous status if his/her mother with indigenous status and having the same last name as his/her mother
(4)child(ren) with indigenous status if an indigenous child(ren) was fostered by non-indigenous parent; child(ren) without indigenous status if a non-indigenous child(ren) was fostered by indigenous parent
(5)child(ren) with indigenous status if the child(ren) was illegitimately born by an indigenous female, however, the indigenous status is void if the child(ren) is fostered or adopted by his/her non-indigenous blood father
2.7 Housing usage：
(1)Residence use only：buildings mainly for living
(2)Residence and industry：buildings mixed with industrial use
(3)Residence and business or services：buildings mixed with commercial or services use
(4)Residence and agriculture：buildings mixed with agricultural use
2.8 Number of room(s)：including bed room(s), study room(s), living room(s) and dinning room(s) but not including kitchens, bath rooms, toilets, garages
2.9 Ownership of housing units：
(1)Self-owned：housing units owned by or inherited by one of the usually living household members
(2)Rented：housing units rented or leased by the household members
(3)Allotted：housing units allotted by the institutions, companies or schools
(4)Others(e.g. borrowed) ：none of the above
(1)Northern region：including Taipei Municipality, Keelung City, Hsinchu City, Taipei County, Ilan County, Taoyuan County and Hsinchu County
(2)Central region：including Taichung City, Miaoli County, Taichung County, Changhwa County, Nantou County and Yunlin County
(3)Southern region：including Chiayi City, Tainan City, Kaohsiung Municipality, Chiayi County, Tainan County, Kaohsiung County, Pingtung County and Penghu County
(4)Eastern region：including Taitung County and Hwalien County
(5)Kingmen-Matsu area：including Kingmen County and Lienkiang County
2.11 Metropolitan area：
(1)Main metropolitan area：
a. Taipei-Keelung：including Taipei Municipality, Taipei County (not including Yingko Township and Pinglin Town), Keelung City, etc.
b. Chungli-Taoyuan：including Yingko Township of Taipei County, Taoyuan County (not including Tayuan Town and Fuhsing Town), etc.
c. Taichung-Changhwa：including Taichung City; Tantzu Town, Taya Town, Wujih Town, Tatu Town, Lungchin Town, Wufeng Town, Taiping City and Tali City of Taichung County; Changhwa City, Homei Township and Huatan Town of Changhwa County, etc.
d. Tainan：including Tainan City; Chiku Town, Anting Town, Jente Town, Kueijen Town, Kuanmiao Town, Yungkang City of Tainan County; Hu-nei Town, Chiehting Town of Kaohsiung County, etc.
e. Kaohsiung：including Kaohsiung Municipality; Fengshan City, Linyuan Town, Taliao Town, Tashu Town, Tashe Town, Jenwu Town, Niaosung Town, Kangshan Township, Chiaotou Town, Yenchao Town, Mito Town, Tzukuan Town, Chishan Township, Meinung Township, Shanlin Town of Kaohsiung County; Pingtung City and Linlo Town of Pingtung County, etc.
(2)Secondary metropolitan area：
a. Hsinchu：including Hsinchu City; Chupei City, Chutung Township, Hsinpu Township, Hsiunglin Town, Hengshan Town, Peipu Town, Paoshan Town of Hsinchu County, etc.
b. Chiayi：including Chiayi City; Shuishang Town and Chungpu Town of Chiayi County, etc.
(3)Non-metropolitan area：none of the above
2.12 Population density：number of resident population / total land area
2.13 School enrollment rate：number of persons enrolled in school / number of population at schooling age
2.14 Ordinary household：
(1)Nucleus family household：is composed of a married couple or a married couple with their unmarried child(ren) or a father or mother with his/her unmarried child(ren)
(2)Complex household：is composed of grand parents, parents with their unmarried child(ren) or parents with their married child(ren) or grand parents with their unmarried grand child(ren)
(3)One-person household：is composed of one person
(4)Other households：not included in (1), (2) or (3)
2.15 Single-parent family household：a household composed of a father or mother with his/her unmarried child(ren)
2.16 Child(ren) under 18 years old：child(ren) aged less than 18 years in a family household
2.17 Child-Woman ratio：0-4 years population / 15-49 childbearing age women
2.18 Dependency ratio：(0-14 years population + 65 years and over population) / 15-64 years population
2.19 Child dependency ratio：0-14 years population / 15-64 years population
2.20 Dependency ratio of elder population：65 years and over population / 15-64 years population
2.21 Index of aging：65 years and over population / 0-14 years population
2.22 Migration population：place of residence 5 years ago is different from the place of residence within the Census standard week
2.23 Activity population：Activity population = Resident population – Population commuting to other areas + Population commuting from other areas
2.24 Commuting working population：the population whose working place is located in the town/township/
city/district other than the town/township/city/district that his/her residence is located
2.25 Schooling population：the population whose schooling place is located in the town/township/city/
district other than the town/township/city/district that his/her residence is located
2.26 Long-term care：Need care of others for 3 months or more since illness, injury or aging causes difficulty in or stop a person from：1.eating; 2.getting on/off bed; 3.dressing; 4.going to the lavatory; 5.bathing; 6.walking; 7.housekeeping, including cooking, laundering.
The degree of care is classified as low, medium, high and intensive：
(1)low：either item of 6.walking or 7.housekeeping.
(2)medium：one or two items from item 1. to 5.
(3)high：three or four items from item 1. to 5.
(4)intensive：all five items from item 1. to 5.
2.27 Vacant housing units：unoccupied housing unit that no one living in it, including housing units for sale and the second or more unoccupied housing units hold by the owner of the residence