National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan)

Brief

Statistics compiled from manpower surveys have played a very essential role in modern nations as they pursue socio-economic development. To this end, countries all over the world have spared no effort to conduct this type of survey carefully and seriously in order to regularly obtain reliable manpower statistics that will satisfy their requirements in planning manpower allocation and implementing national construction programs. National natural resources are limited in Taiwan .Thus it is especially important to deal with issues such as how to effectively use manpower and how to balance manpower demand and supply. The supply of manpower among the civilian population of ages 15 and above who are capable of and willing to work is regularly surveyed and analyzed for the following purposes:

1. To understand the supply of civilian population:

Such data as quantity, quality, and area distribution concerning civilian population of ages 15 and above are collected to meet the needs in pursuing socioeconomic development.

2. To understand the status of labor force and employment:

Data on employment and unemployment in number of persons by industry, occupation, class of workers, education, work experience, capability, and interests is collected for policy-making authorities as a reference in their planning manpower, organizing vocational training programs, and preparing employment assistance.

3. To understand developing trends in manpower:

Manpower development trends in Taiwan are analyzed and predicted using theories, experience and related data from home and overseas, with results provided for reference by public and private users at home and for comparison with international manpower data.

Preparation of manpower statistics in this country began in April 1962 when the Taiwan Provincial Department of Social Affairs set up the Labor Force Survey, Statistics, Research, and Development Group to establish a labor force survey system. The group was later reorganized into the Labor Force Survey and Research Group. which formally launched a quarterly labor force survey in October 1962. The group was again reorganized into the Labor Force Survey and Research Institute. charged with full responsibility for conducting labor force surveys. In view of the growing importance of manpower planning, the DGBAS was assigned to take over the Taiwan area labor force survey in 1977. A provisional organization entitled the "Labor Force Survey Statistics Evaluation Committee" was established in August of that year, with domestic experts and scholars invited to provide advice for practical operation and help formulate various reform measures. Two trial surveys were conducted in November and December 1977. The first formal survey was started in January 1978. Subsequently, manpower data from the surveys was used more and more extensively, receiving much attention from all sorts of users. To strengthen functions of the organization, the committee was officially incorporated into the Fourth Bureau of DGBAS in July 1983.

Since the DGBAS took over the manpower survey, operational practices have been changed with the following major items of improvement :

(1) The quarterly survey was changed to monthly in order to make monthly observations of structural changes in manpower supply possible.

(2) The sampling method was improved, with the new one adopting a stratified two-stage random sampling method. Basic sampling units in the first stage were changed from Hsiang/Chen/Chu to Tsun/Li (Basic Administrative unit), and the size of sample was increased to improve representativeness of the statistical results.

(3) To expand the scope of utilization of the manpower statistical information and to meet the needs in planning the district development, the sampling sub-population was changed from the original Taiwan Province, Taipei & Kaohsiung Cities to 23 Cities and Hsiens in the Taiwan area in order to publish the Hsien/City's manpower statistics each month rather than yearly .

(4) The field work system was improved. Now, only well-trained personnel stationed in an extensive statistical survey network are assigned to do interviews to reduce the barriers between interviewers and interviewees and to make it easier to obtain accurate data.

(5) The use of electronic data processing was intensified to ensure timely production of statistics and make earlier publication of statistics possible.

(6) Every two months, a series of supplementary surveys focused on a special subject were attached to the regular monthly survey in order to better understand the labor force characteristics in national life.

(7) Scholars and experts at home and abroad were invited to participate in screening survey operations. All monthly survey results have been put through a strict review process. Hard work by the entire staff has earned unanimous recognition at home and abroad that the manpower survey in this country has become a fairly healthy one and that the quality of statistics meets international standards.

(8) Utilizing "Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing " techniques to reduce the demands for time and manpower of the survey.

The manpower statistics prepared by the DGBAS take households as a base and utilize sampling surveys to collect basic data such as quality, quantity, labor force structure, employment, unemployment, reasons of unemployment, and composition of those not in labor force among the civilian population ages 15 and above. To meet the requirements of other government agencies in their manpower management and socioeconomic policy enforcement and decision-making, fourteen supplementary surveys have been conducted, using the same sample, to collect more detailed data. These supplementary surveys include: (1) Manpower Utilization Survey, (2) Work Experiences Survey, (3) Housing Status Survey, (4) Women's Marriage, Fertility And Employment Survey , (5) Prevalent Diseases, Medical Aids And Employment Survey, (6) Internal Migration Survey, (7) Vocational Training Survey, (8) Youth Status Survey, (9) Elderly Status Survey(Middle-aged and Elderly Status Survey), (10) Time Utilization Survey, (11) People's Leisure Life Survey, (12) Job Expectations Survey, (13) People's Cultural Demands Survey and (14) Citizen's Lifestyle and Ethics Survey. The results of which are all published in separate, special publications.

We greatly appreciate the full cooperation provided by interviewees in surveyed households and the detailed, accurate data they have supplied. We also greatly appreciate the careful review and valuable advicesprovided by devoted specialists and scholars in the DGBAS Census Committee and related technical research units. All of this makes possible the timely release of the publication on schedule and helps to enrich the contents. In light of continued progress of our society, however, we sincerely hope that users will continue to provide comments and advices so that we can make further improvements in the future.