This chapter is concerned with statistics on social insurance, social assistance and relief, low income households, social welfare services, and social welfare expenditure. Social welfare statistics are compiled by the Ministry of Health and Welfare from monthly and quarterly reports regularly submitted by Municipal Governments. As it is hard to secure data concerning private social relief institutions, readers shall pay attention to revisions to data of the previous year.
Social Insurance -- It shall cover National Health Insurance, Government Employees' and School Staffs' Insurance, Retired Government Employees' Insurance, Labor Insurance, Farmers' Health Insurance and Employment Insurance.
Low Income Household -- The low-income households shall qualify under the following conditions: they are approved by their local municipality competent authority via application; their average divided monthly income among each person in the household falls below the lowest living index; and their total household assets do not exceed the specific amount announced by the central and municipality competent authorities in the year of application. The aforementioned lowest living index is based on the standard announced by the central department of budget, accounting and statistics, and is defined by the central and municipality competent authorities as 60% of the median rate of the expenditure per person in the past year in the household’s local area.
Net Expenditure for Social Welfare -- The expenditure is compiled on a basis of fiscal year and it is net of the double counting arising from inter-governmental transfers. The social welfare expenditure covered social insurance (including expenditures for pension and survivors' benefits), social relief, benefit service, nationwide employment service, medical care and community development, and environmental protection before FY1989. Since FY1990, it excluded expenditure on community development, environmental protection and expenditures for pension and survivors' benefits. Data from FY1981 to 1989 are recalculated by the definition of the social welfare expenditure made in 1990.