This chapter is concerned with population and housing. The population statistics mainly come from the household registration. According to the provisions of laws and regulations, the registered population refers to all of the R.O.C. nationals maintaining household registration in Taiwan-Fukien area. The demographic data can be divided into two kinds, i.e., year-end static population data and year-round dynamic population data. The static data are defined as those collected during a particular reference period of time; those collected by continuous registration are called dynamic data. Thus, the former includes such population data as household, age-sex composition, education, marital status, and population density; the latter comprises data of birth, death, marriage, divorce and migration. All of the static population data are conducted from the outcome of household registration. The standard day of the statistics is on December 31. All of the dynamic data are calculated in accordance with the records of the application forms of those vital events. The standard period of the statistics is from January 1 to December 31 in the year.
The population projection, which is designed to provide data required by the government in drawing up its national economic plans as well as in formulating its policies, adopts the Cohort-Component Method by which moving projection is calculated separately for each age group with a compute program derived from one used by the U.S. Census Bureau in its projection of population for a specific age.
Fertility Rates -- Four kinds of fertility rates are presented in this section, i.e., general fertility rate, total fertility rate, gross reproduction rate, and net reproduction rate. The general fertility rate refers to the number of live births per thousand of mid-year childbearing age women (aged 15 to 49). The total fertility rate refers to the birth rate derived from the total number of births likely to come out from the current generation of childbearing age women during their childbearing period without death. The gross reproduction rate refers to the number of live female infants given by every 1,000 childbearing age women during their childbearing period. The net reproduction rate refers to the number of live female infants given by every 1,000 childbearing women surviving during their childbearing period.